Instructions on Safe Maintenance of Septic Tanks

A septic tank that is maintained properly will last indefinitely. Leaks and blockages could easily lead to water sources and soil being contaminated. The following are some of the things to look out for a smooth and safe septic system flow.

Laundry and water usage

Too much water in the tank can lead to upsetting of the tank's delicate balance. You tank can only handle so much water at a time as it needs time to separate material. The material is basically solid and liquid whereby liquids are sent to the drain after separation. Therefore, spread your wash loads all through the week.

Household chemicals

Avoid excessive use of household chemicals like detergents, drain cleaners, and bleaches. This is because excessive amounts of chemicals could stop bacteria from functioning normally in the septic tank. Biodegradable cleaners like citric acid and chlorine should be used instead.

Non-decomposable material

This is material that will not decompose but instead fill the tank and block the system. Such material should not be deposited down the drain. They include coffee grounds, facial tissues, cigarette butts, feminine hygiene products, diapers, dental floss, cotton swabs, paper towels, condoms and cat litter.

Leaky fixtures

Beware to repair any leaks in your household. Large amounts of water are added your system when maybe you have a running toilet or leaky faucet. Installing a low flow or toilets that are highly efficient should be considered.

Fats, oils and grease

Too much grease may lead to prevention of breaking down of waste by bacteria. You should then be careful not to deposit too much. Grease could be in form of animal fats, lard and vegetable oil.

Food wastes

As much as garbage disposal is acceptable, it could lead to frequent liquid waste removal from your tank. Large food quantities like animal bones, corn cobs, egg shells and fruit peels should be disposed of in the garbage.


Medication that has not been used should either be returned to the doctor or thrown in the trash. Antibiotics are highly harmful to quality of treatment. They should therefore never be flushed down the drain.

Household drains

Floor drains from workrooms and garages should be diverted. Items like gas, saw dust and petroleum based products should be sidetracked away from the system.

Tank additives and enzymes

Additives are unnecessary and could do more harm. The waste water contains all bacteria required for suitable operation. However, a bottle of spoilt buttermilk could do wonders.

Regularly pump out that septic tank as need arises.